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The Use Of An Internal Brace In A Single Bundle Hamstring Graft And Its Effect On Graft Healing At 1 Year After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

2021 Congress Paper Abstracts

The Use Of An Internal Brace In A Single Bundle Hamstring Graft And Its Effect On Graft Healing At 1 Year After Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction

Claire Bolton, FRACS, MBBS, AUSTRALIA Brett A. Fritsch, MBBS BSc(Med), FRACS, FAOrthA, AUSTRALIA David A. Parker, MBBS, BMedSc, FRACS, AUSTRALIA Bruno M. Giuffré, MD, AUSTRALIA

Sydney Orthopaedic Research Institute, Sydney, NSW, AUSTRALIA


2021 Congress   ePoster Presentation     Not yet rated

 

Anatomic Location

Anatomic Structure

Diagnosis / Condition

Treatment / Technique

Ligaments

ACL

Diagnosis Method

MRI

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Summary: An internal brace used in an ACL graft construct does not impair graft healing at 12 months on MRI and shows no difference in PROMs or KT-1000 measurements when compared to a matched ACL cohort without an internal brace


Background

The addition of an internal brace to the graft construct in ACL reconstruction is a recently evolving surgical technique, with the hope of reducing reinjury and improving outcomes. To date there is limited literature on this technique, particularly examining the effect this addition may have on graft healing or clinical outcomes.

Objective

To determine the influence of an internal brace on the healing of a primary single bundle ACL graft at 1-year

Methods

A case-matched series was used to compare graft healing, as assessed by high resolution MRI scan at 12 months, in 2 cohorts of ACL reconstruction patients. A single surgeon case series of 68 patients who underwent hamstring ACL reconstruction with bipolar suspensory fixation and the addition of an internal brace to the construct were compared against an age and sex matched cohort of ACL reconstructions from the same surgeon using the identical technique but without the internal brace. MRI scans at one-year post-operatively were analysed using a previously validated protocol to assess the graft signal/noise quotient (SNQ) across three sites of the graft, as a measure of graft healing after primary single-bundle ACL reconstruction

Results

There was no effect of age or gender on SNQ (p>0.05). The SNQ values in the internal brace group were distally 2.1 ± 2.6, midsubstance 4.1 ± 3.7, proximally 3.3 ± 2.9, with a mean SNQ of 3.2 ± 2.6. The SNQ values in the cohort without the internal brace was distally 2.1 ± 1.9, in the midsubstance 3.1 ± 2.0, proximally 2.3 ± 1.4, with an overall mean of 2.5 ±1.5. There was no significant difference (p>0.05) in SNQ between the ACL reconstruction group using internal brace and the group without the use of an internal brace at any of the 3 measurement areas or between the means, although the p value in the proximal measurement approached significance at 0.051. There was no significant difference between Tegner, IKDC and Lysholm scores recorded at 12 months between the cohorts. KT-1000 measurements at 134N also showed no significant difference between the cohorts.

Conclusion

The use of an internal brace in a single-bundle hamstring ACL reconstruction does not appear to affect graft healing, as assessed by MRI scan at 1 year.


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