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Low Percentage Of Surgeons Meet The Minimum Recommended Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty Usage Thresholds: Analysis Of 3,037 Surgeons From Three National Joint Registries

2021 Congress Paper Abstracts

Low Percentage Of Surgeons Meet The Minimum Recommended Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty Usage Thresholds: Analysis Of 3,037 Surgeons From Three National Joint Registries

Antonio Klasan, MD, AUSTRIA David A. Parker, MBBS, BMedSc, FRACS, AUSTRALIA Peter L. Lewis, MBBS, FRACS(Orth), FAOrthA, AUSTRALIA Simon W. Young, MD, FRACS, NEW ZEALAND

North Shore Hospital, Auckland, NEW ZEALAND


2021 Congress   Abstract Presentation   5 minutes   Not yet rated

 

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Summary: A low number of surgeons is meeting the UKA thresholds.


Purpose

Unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) has a faster recovery and less perioperative morbidity than total knee arthroplasty (TKA), but has a significantly higher revision rate. The reported usage of UKA is around 10% in the UK, Australian and New Zealand joint registries. However, some authors recommend that a higher UKA usage of 20%, or a minimum 12 UKA cases per year, would reduce revision rates. The purpose of this study was to analyze the percentage of surgeons performing the recommended thresholds in these 3 registries.

Methods

Data from the UK, Australian and New Zealand registry databases was utilized from the time period since their respective introduction until 2017. All primary TKA and UKA performed for the diagnosis of osteoarthritis by surgeons with more than 100 recorded knee arthroplasties in their respective registry were included. The results between the registries were compared and a pooled analysis was performed. The number of surgeons meeting the recommended caseload of >20% UKA yearly or 12 UKA cases yearly was calculated.

Results

We identified 3,037 knee surgeons performing 1,556,440 knee arthroplasties, of which 131,575 were UKA (8.45%). Over 50% of knee surgeons in each registry had a proportion of less than 5% UKA of their knee replacement procedures. After pooling of data, median surgeon UKA usage was 2.0% (IQR 0-9.1%).
The percentage of surgeons meeting the proposed caseload criteria was highest in New Zealand, 16.3%, followed by the UK at 12.4% and Australia 11.3% (p=0.28).

Conclusion

More than 50% of knee surgeons in UK, Australian and New Zealand joint registries perform less than 5% of UKA yearly. The majority of experienced knee surgeons are not meeting the recommended minimum thresholds, which might indicate that the recommended thresholds are not feasible for the vast majority of knee surgeons. The reasons behind this require further research.


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